Author Archives: Pat Weaver

Innovation and Design Thinking

Design ThinkingInnovation requires two things:

  1. Someone has to have an innovative idea!
  2. The organisation to have processes to turn the idea into something valuable.

Neither happens routinely by accident. This article looks at what’s needed to create innovative ideas, and then look at one of the ways to transform the best of the ‘bright ideas’ into something useful, ‘Design Thinking’.  Click to download the PDF.

For more papers on initiating the right projects see:

Philosophies & Principles Used to Shape Planning Approaches

Any output from a planning process is a consequence of the approach applied by the planner to develop their plan.  Different people will develop different plans to achieve the same objectives based on their knowledge, experience and attitudes. This influence can be ignored or, if better understood, exploited!

This article outlines the fundamental principles and philosophies that can be used by planners to develop their plan:

For more papers on schedule strategy and design see:

New Articles posted to the Web #87

BeaverWe have been busy beavers updating the PM Knowledge Index on our website with Papers and Articles.   Some of the more interesting uploaded during the last couple of weeks include:

You are welcome to download and use this information under our free Creative Commons licence.

Visit our PMKI Library for free access to many more papers and articles:

History Papers Updated

As some of you are aware, I’m working on a paper looking at the origins and history of Earned Value.  As part of this work it became necessary to update and reorganize some of the core history papers on our website.  The major change has been separating the work looking at the development of modern management from the work on the origins of modern project management. These are now 2 separate papers that can be downloaded from:

The Earned Value history will be published in a month or so.

Who Created the WBS?????

Current mythology is that the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) was developed as part of the PERT program within the US Navy in 1957/58.  I’m not so sure……..  Similar types of chart were around for up to 100 year before the PERT program started:

  • Organization Charts were developed in 1854 but not too widely used (the example shown is from 1917).
  • Cost breakdown charts were in use from 1909 at least (if not sooner).
  • Process diagrams and flow charts were publicized by the Gilbreth’s in 1921.

What I’m looking for is evidence that this type of hierarchical chart focused on work to be accomplished was developed prior to 1957; or alternatively confirmation that the PERT team initiated the idea and the NASA/DoD/PERT-COST people standardized the idea.

A summary of my findings and images of the charts are at:

Any feedback or input will be welcome.   Over to you……

Project Management history has been a long term interest of mine, for all of my papers see:

Governing for Success – Helping deliver successful projects

To succeed, organisations need to evolve and mature their management processes to achieve consistent success in the delivery of their projects and programs. However, there are no silver bullets – the core drive to be successful, and most of the effort, has to come from within the organisation and be fully supported by senior executives and other key stakeholders. This article outlines the journey to success:

For more articles on governance see:

The Changing Role of Processes in Project Management

The next generation of project management standards to be released by both ISO and PMI in 2020 will look radically different to their predecessors.

This article explains why the concept of ‘processes’ is being dropped from the new standards and the use of knowledge management and methodologies (including processes) in supporting the implementation of the standards:

For more on organisational inputs to project management see: